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Kandy

Historical records suggest that Kandy was first established by the King Wickramabahu (1357-1374 CE) near the Watapuluwa area, north of the present city, and named Senkadagalapura at the time, although some scholars suggest the name Katubulu Nuwara may also have been used. The origin of the more popular name for the city, Senkadagala, could have been from a number of sources. These include naming after a brahmin named Senkanda who lived in a cave near the city, after a queen of King Wickramabahu named Senkanda or after a colored stone named Senkadagala.

In 1592 Kandy became the capital city of the last remaining independent kingdom in Sri Lanka after the coastal regions had been conquered by the Portuguese. Invasions by the Portuguese and the Dutch (16th, 17th and 18th century) and also by the British (most notably in 1803) were repelled. The last ruling dynasty of Kandy were the Nayaks of Kandy. Kandy preserved its independence until it finally fell to the British in 1815. The British deposed the king, Sri Vikrama Rajasinha, and all claimants to the throne, thus ending the last traditional monarchy of Sri Lanka, and replaced it with their monarchy.

As the capital, Kandy had become home to the relic of the tooth of the Buddha which symbolises a 4th-century tradition that used to be linked to royalty since the protector of the relic was seen fit to rule the land. Thus, the Royal Palace and the Temple of the Tooth were associated with the administrative and religious functions of the capital city. Even after its conquest by the British, Kandy has preserved its function as the religious capital of the Sinhalese and a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists, namely those belonging to the Theravada school.

Portuguese invasions in the 16th century and 17th century were entirely unsuccessful. The kingdom tolerated a Dutch presence on the coast until 1761, when Kirti Sri attacked and overran most of the coast, leaving only the heavily fortified Negombo intact. When a Dutch retaliatory force returned to the island in 1763, Sri abandoned the coastline and withdrew into the interior. When the Dutch continued to the jungles the next year, they were constantly harassed by disease, heat, lack of provisions, and Kandyan sharpshooters, who hid in the jungle and inflicted heavy losses on the Dutch. The Dutch launched a better adapted force in January of 1765, replacing their troops' bayonets with machetes and using more practical uniforms and tactics suited to speedy movement. They were initially successful, capturing the capital, but they took a deserted city, and the Kandyan's withdrew to the jungles once more, refusing to engage in open battle. The Dutch, worn down by constant attrition, came to terms in 1766.

 

Kandy Hotels

Hotel Rating Location Room Rate in US $ Room Type Validity period
SGL DBL TPL
Amaya Hills   Kandy 156 169 221 SUPERIOR ROOM BB 11-01-2012 - 31-12-2012
Amaya Hills   Kandy 208 220 273 DELUXE BB 11-01-2012 - 31-12-2012
               
Hotel Suisse   Kandy 64 72 107 STANDARD - BB 01-05-2012 - 31-10-2012
Hotel Suisse   Kandy 111 119 154 SUITE - BB 01-05-2012 - 31-10-2012
               
Hotel Thilanka   Kandy 85 93 117  DELUXE WING (A/C) - BB 11-01-2012 - 31-10-2012
Hotel Thilanka   Kandy 130 138 163 SUPERIOR DELUXE WING (A/C) - BB 11-01-2012 - 31-10-2012
               
Hotel Topaz   Kandy 89 104 141 STANDARD-BB 01-04-2012 - 30-09-2012
               
Hotel Tree of Life   Kandy 98 104 111 DELUXE - BB 01-11-2011 - 30-09-2012
Hotel Tree of Life   Kandy 111 117 124 COTTAGE - BB 01-11-2011 - 30-09-2012
Hotel Tree of Life   Kandy 146 154 162 DELUXE SUITE - BB 01-11-2011 - 30-09-2012
Hotel Tree of Life   Kandy 189 197 205  EXECUTIVE BUSINESS SUITE - BB 01-11-2011 - 30-09-2012
Hotel Tree of Life   Kandy 263 270 277 VILLA - BB 01-11-2011 - 30-09-2012
               
Hunas Falls Hotel   Kandy 164 190 266  DELUXE - BB 01-11-2011 - 30-09-2012
Hunas Falls Hotel   Kandy 203 229 305 CARDAMON SUITE - BB 01-11-2011 - 30-09-2012
Hunas Falls Hotel   Kandy 281 307 383 HIGHLANDER SUITE - BB 01-11-2011 - 30-09-2012
Hunas Falls Hotel   Kandy 281 307 383 KATSURA SUITE - BB 01-11-2011 - 30-09-2012
               
Mahaweli Reach Hotel   Kandy 182 195 247 DELUXE - BB 16-01-2012 - 30-09-2012
               
The Swiss Residence   Kandy 91 98 130  STANDARD - BB 01-11-2011 - 31-12-2012
The Swiss Residence   Kandy 130 137 169 DELUXE - BB 01-11-2011 - 31-12-2012
The Swiss Residence   Kandy 176 182 215 ROYAL SUITE - BB 01-11-2011 - 31-12-2012
               
Tourmaline Hotel   Kandy 182 195 - STANDARD - BB 01-04-2012 - 31-12-2012
               

 

 

 

 

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