|The Bar Reef
is a system of coral reefs just offshore from Sri Lanka's
Kalpitiya peninsula. It has the greatest biodiversity of any
coral reef in the waters around India and is one of the few
pristine coral reef systems in Sri Lanka.
It is a complex of reefs which
stretch parallel to the coast from the northern end of the
Kalpitiya peninsula to the islands which separate Portugal Bay
from the Gulf of Mannar. It has high ecological, biological and
aesthetic significance, being home to 156 species of coral and
283 species of fish.
The Bar Reef was declared a
marine sanctuary in 1992, the area of the reserve being 306.7